The installation of computer cables and networks can be complicated and precise. Two of the most crucial cabling methods that are employed to create structured cabling are horizontal and backbone cabling. These two types of cabling form several of the essential components in the structured cabling.
While they might be distinct, horizontal and backbone cabling complement each other and are both required for different kinds of cabling specifications.
What is Backbone Cabling Made Of?
Backbone cabling is also known as cabling, which is a means of connecting between the areas of entry facilities for the equipment and telecoms rooms. It is typically located from floor to ceiling however it could also be connected between IT rooms on the same floor.
Backbone Standard cable term as defined by the Telecommunications Industry Association(TIA) stipulates:
“The function of the backbone cabling is to provide interconnections…Backbone cabling consists of the backbone cables, intermediate and main cross-connects, mechanical terminations, and patch cords or jumpers used for backbone-to-backbone cross-connection. Backbone cabling also includes wiring connecting buildings.”
Backbone wiring and cables can be classified into two types of cabling: inter-building as well as intra-building. Inter-building backbone wiring is installed between buildings, while intra-building cabling is placed between IT rooms of the same building.
The Principal Parts in Backbone Cabling Components
The most important elements of backbone cabling are:
- Cable paths to make space to route cable routing. This could comprise raceways, conduits shafts, floor penetrations, or shafts like slots and sleeves.
- Connecting hardware with patches or interconnections crossing-connections, connecting blocks or interconnections. Certain times the hardware connection could be a combination of these possibilities.
- Backbone wiring , by itself, could be coaxial, optical fiber, twisted pair copper or a combination of these cable types.
- Support features are needed when needed, for example cable support equipment, grounding equipment as well as firestopping.
What does it mean? horizontal cabling?
Horizontal cabling is connected from an Telecoms Room and enclosure, connecting to the individual outlets for workstations and the Work area Outlet (WAO). It is generally set up in a star pattern that connects every work area to the telecommunications zone.
Cables made from copper (CAT5e, cable CAT6a and The CAT6e) is the most well-known kind of cable that is used in Horizontal runs. However fiber optic and coaxial cables are also readily available. It is essential to keep in mind that all horizontal cables regardless of cable kind, should be kept to a distance of at least 90m from Work Area Outlet and the connecting point within the telecommunications zone to ensure that they are in line with TIA guidelines..
There is a difference in the Horizontal as well as Backbone Cabling
The backbone and horizontal cabling differ from each other in the areas they can be able to cover. Backbone cabling connects entry points as well as equipment rooms and telecoms rooms. Horizontal cabling connects telecoms rooms to every outlet located on floor of the structure. Backbone cables are also able to connect floors but they isn’t recommended. There are instances where workstations’ cables that are horizontal on one floor could be connected to a telecommunications room located on a different floor , however this isn’t an efficient method, as it doesn’t change the name of the room with the designation “Backbone” even if the cables are in an upward direction.
The two distinct types of cabling are different in terms of requirements. Although they use the same kind of cable backbone cabling is a specific kind of cable that is governed by specifications since it is utilized in between floor levels. It should be strong enough to support its own weight and should be secured so that it can be moved across floors.
In addition, both backbone as well as horizontal cables should be compliant with specific fire-rating standards that differ in accordance with the specific project. It’s fairly simple in the case of horizontal cables. The issue is that cable used for backbone cables (and inter-building backbones in particular) can be a bit more difficult when they are run through underground. It is suggested to examine the professional who is responsible for structured cabling to make sure the correct type of cable is in use at the place where the cables are placed.
Picking the most suitable structure cabling Partner
Because backbone and horizontal cabling are vital elements of structured cabling, it is essential to have an experienced cabling professional who is reputable to develop and install your cabling infrastructure. An unprofessional design or installation that is not done correctly could cause a lot of expensive and costly problems later on for your business.
The Florida Nerds has been providing structured cabling since 1994. Contact the experts with over 25 years of expertise!