What’s a Security Audit and What’s a Penetration Test? That’s a really good question, and we’ll try to explain it. Let’s start with some basics. In 2017, ransomware attacks known as NotPetya and WannaCry switched into the cybersecurity game forever. WannaCry was the first global multi-vectored cyber attack because its kind which rapidly corrupted more than 200,000 machines across 150 nations, causing hundreds and hundreds of dollars in deficits.

The primary change here is the point that poor characters are now employing (leaked) military-grade hacking programs developed by the National Security Agency to target virtually everyone. For miniature and midsize businesses, the results are important, as the normal value of one data breach can be as large as $117,000.

The legacy of these cyber offenses is resonating nonetheless and affirms the fact that we must take bold measures to shield ourselves strongly. This procedure starts with a security audit, and here we’re explaining what you should know.

What’s a Security Audit?

A security audit is the first step on your IT infrastructure security and it can be described as a methodical evaluation of your company IT infrastructure security. Through the practice of the testing, safety specialists will scale how strongly your security protocols proceed alongside a catalog of established criteria to verify their security aspects.

IT infrastructure security audits ought to be thoroughgoing and organized over a routine to secure your information and IT assets. If you’re in a very regulated business, engaging in this activity will also help your business to be certain compliance (such as GDPR, HIPPA, SOX, PCI-DSS, etc.).

Before you proceed using a security audit, the security unit might have to estimate the reach of the assessment.

A standard security audit will Assess the following:


Information handling processes

Hardware configurations

Data and access-related information (like frames, cards, password and )

User techniques

The physical setup of the machine and placing


Network Security

Software configurations

Smart devices

The audit must assess any of the above against previous and possible future challenges. This means that your safety team ought to be upgraded on the newest security tendency and also the actions were taken by other organizations to answer to them.

At the finish of the security audit, a comprehensive summary is going to be placed collectively reporting the flaws and strengths of your present security agreements. Every time a vulnerability is identified, the expense of ensuring it ought to be rated against the cost of a breach.

Whenever your security rules come brief (when equivalent to the new hacking trends), it’s vital to act quickly, as a specific vulnerability can drive to a very important data breach.

Small and medium-sized enterprises, in particular, it might be attractive to neglect this due to a lack of dedicated staff or large resources to cybersecurity. But this is exactly what makes those businesses a prime target.

What’s extra, when companies don’t take a proactive strategy to cybersecurity, poor leads can penetrate your system and proceed anonymously for a very long period of time.

Regardless of how much you spend to secure your company systems, the reality is that there isn’t an all conditions, dependable solution. As a consequence, there ought to be an organized solid policy and controls to manage and take care of the business continuity in the case of a competitive security event.

Security Audit Vs. Vulnerability Assessment

As described before, a security audit assesses your company’s security stance against an organized list of security protocols, security procedures, security compliance, approaches, and processes.

On the opposite hand, a vulnerability appraisal looks at the vulnerabilities from the info system but doesn’t offer any sign of whether the vulnerabilities could be manipulated or just how much a strong breach or cyberattack can cost the corporation.

This procedure includes a lot of restrictions, as exposure scanning software just looks like your system based on previous general vulnerabilities. So if you are managing a vulnerability evaluation, it’s essential that the software is updated. But this performs the vulnerability evaluation only as effective as the service done by the software provider.

The software itself is not immune to some violation and has the potential of happening with applications engineering flaws. The methodology utilized to spot vulnerabilities can also have an important influence on the results, so it goes without saying that security audits override exposure tests.

What’s a Penetration Test?

Penetration tests go ahead with security audits and vulnerability assessments by trying to breach your own body such as a hacker. Within this circumstance, a security specialist will attempt to repeat exactly the exact procedures applied by means of a hacker to ascertain if your IT infrastructure might face a similar assault.

Usually, penetration testing will consist of using a variety of methods in conjunction to attempt and breach the system. This can it extremely efficient as you’re imagining exactly the very same techniques applied by a hacker in the real world.

When you combine in penetration testing, you will benefit from in-depth penetrations into the vulnerabilities and also acquire ability in how these vulnerabilities can be manipulated.

Penetration tests training both open-source and commercial tools to understand loopholes in security criteria. They also include targeted strikes on particular systems employing both automated and standard techniques to make sure that vulnerabilities have not gone undetected.

There are various kinds of penetration tests, but more generally than not, they’re separated into three contrasts.

External Penetration Tests

As the title hints, external penetration tests focus on your own publicly opened programs. These tests will be conducted from the standpoint of a hacker to show vulnerabilities that may possibly present internal systems.

Internal Penetration Tests

Again, as the name hints, inner penetration tests focus on all of your internally connected systems. In this situation, penetration tests will be run on interior systems which may be handled and managed remotely with a terrible personality.

By linking in this practice, you will be able to decide if hackers can undermine your in-house systems and get past your internal security protocols.

Hybrid Penetration Tests

Hybrid penetration tests fortify both external and internal attacks to ascertain whether a combo of the two approaches can cause a data breach. In reality, it is a genuine method to calculate if your safety facet can shield against both the local and distant rhythms.

To execute these kinds of penetration tests, cybersecurity experts employ three approaches to attack and breach the machine.

Black Box Tests

Black box penetration testing incorporates topical penetration tests where the pen tester has no sooner info on the body. They will hit your system like every bad personality would to try and get entry to an internal system.

This procedure resembles real-world attacks and advances toward decreasing false positives. Additionally, it is an exceptional approach to evaluate the activities taken from the IT security group to cancel an active violation.

White Box Tests

White box penetration testing will be the reverse of black-box penetration testing, as equally pen testers and safety examiners will possess a complete understanding of your organization’s IT infrastructure and existing security aspects.

This implies that security specialists will have profound knowledge concerning the following:

IP addresses

Program source code

Running system (like the current model )

Network environment white-box tests will have to be organized between your internal IT security team and the audit team. When you join within this action, it is going to presume an insider attack with endless access and full consent to the hit this machine.

Gray Box Tests

The grey box testing procedure determines stability between the two white box and black box tests. In this circumstance, penetration testers will have any information about your internal and external IT infrastructure.

This model mimics those strikes in which poor characters (either insider or outsider) violation the machine with restricted access rights. This method will show vulnerabilities and recognize defects in both the interior and external systems.

Essential Benefits Of Security Audits And Penetration Tests

Regular security audits and penetration tests play a crucial role in improving the safety of enterprise networks and systems. It is a proactive approach to stay 1 move before cybercriminals as you’re always conducting a thorough risk assessment of your IT infrastructure.

Security audits and penetration tests additionally permit security groups to focus on high-severity vulnerabilities and verify the safety tools applied by the business. This method also includes application-level security concerns to both growth and management teams.

Assessing both security audits and penetration tests can enhance your organization to spend less whilst assuring business continuity.

In actuality, it’s a sensible strategy to manage and respond to vulnerabilities to make sure compliance whilst managing new value, brand fame, and consumer loyalty.